Experience

Lynwood W. Hammers, D.O.

January 2005 - Present    
Hammers Healthcare Imaging, LLC - New Haven, CT - Medical Director, Ultrasound Specialties

March 2003 - December 2004    
Robert D. Russo MD & Associates Radiology PC - New Haven, CT
Medical Director, Ultrasound Specialties

September 1999 - March 2003    
Saint Vincent's Medical Center/Robert D. Russo MD & Associates Radiology PC - Bridgeport, CT
Medical Director, Ultrasound Specialties

January 1999 - September 1999    
Fairfax Hospital Radiology Department - Fairfax, VA

July 1984 - January 1999    
Yale-New Haven Hospital - New Haven, CT
Yale University School of Medicine - New Haven, CT
Chief of Ultrasound, Associate Professor

June 1985 - August 1988    
West Haven Veterans Affairs Medical Center - West Haven, CT
Chief CT/US

July 1970 - August 1975    
State of Pennsylvania - Philadelphia, PA
Psychologist


Training & Education

July 1983 - June 1984
Yale-New Haven Hospital, Fellowship, Ultrasound/CT: Kenneth J. W. Taylor, M.D., Ph.D., Chairman, Ultrasound; Arthur Rosenfield, M.D., Chairman, CT.

July 1980 - June 1983
Downstate Medical Center/Kings County Hospital, Residency, Diagnostic Radiology. Appointed Chief Resident, 7/82 - 6/83. Joshua Becker, M.D., Chairman, Department of Radiology.

July 1979 - June 1980
Hospital of the Philadelphia College. Osteopathic Medicine Internship, rotating. Award for excellence in Radiology.

September 1975 - June 1979
D.O., Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

June 1972
M.A., Development and Learning Psychology, Teachers College, Columbia University.

June 1970
B.A., Pre-Med, Columbia College, Columbia University.
Full academic scholarship; football and baseball teams.

LICENSES

Licensed in Connecticut O 183 & Virginia 0102050206
Inactive: New York 143621 & Pennsylvania OS-4447-L 

CERTIFICATION

June 1984, American Board of Radiology


Professional Affiliations & Awards

PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATIONS

American College of Radiology (ACR)
American Osteopathic College of Radiology (AOCR)
   1992 - 2005    AOCR Committee on Evaluation & Educational Standards
   1992 - 2005    AOCR Editorial Committee
   1995 - 2005    US liaison between AOCR and ACR
   1996 - 2005    AOCR Committee on Manpower
   1996 - 2005    AOCR Board of Directors
   1997 - 2005    AOCR Ad Hoc Committee on Interactive Education
   1997 - 2005    AOCR Committee on Coding and Nomenclature
   2000 - 2005    Treasurer of AOCR
Association of University Radiologists (AUR)
The Radiological Society of North America (RSNA)
Connecticut Osteopathic Society
American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM)
Connecticut Radiologic Society
Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound (SRU)

APPOINTMENTS

Associate Clinical Professor    Yale University Department of Medicine
Associate Clinical Professor    Yale University Department of Diagnostic Imaging

COMMITTEES

1988-1989    ER Committee (Yale Diagnostic Imaging)
1990-1995    Resident Selection Committee (Yale)
1993-1996    Teleradiology Committee
1988-1999    Resident Review Committee (Yale)
1990-1999    Clinical Management Committee (Yale Diagnostic Imaging)
1990-1999    Advisory Committee for US School (Yale)
2000-2002    Resident Review Committee (St. Vincent's)
2006-2007    AOCR Representative to AIUM Practice Forum

AWARDS

Oct 2001    Fellow Award of AOCR
May 1990    Yale Radiology Residents' Teaching Award
May 1987    Yale Radiology Residents' Teaching Award


Publications, Research & Grants, Lectures

ORIGINAL ARTICLES

Carr R, Ustun B, Chhieng D, Schofield K, Theoharis C, Hammers L, Adeniran AJ.  Radiologic and clinical predictors of malignancy in the follicular lesion of undetermined significance of the thyroid. Endocr Pathol. 2013 Jun;24(2):62-8. doi: 10.1007/s12022-013-9240-4.

Eze OP, Cai G, Baloch ZW, Khan A, Virk R, Hammers LW, Udelsman R, Roman SA, Sosa JA, Carling T, Chhieng D, Theoharis CG, Prasad ML. Vanishing thyroid tumors: a diagnostic dilemma after ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration. Thyroid. 2013 Feb;23(2):194-200. doi: 10.1089/thy.2012.0157. Epub 2012 Dec 28.

Horne MJ, Chhieng DC, Theoharis C, Schofield K, Kowalski D, Prasad ML, Hammers L, Udelsman R, Adeniran AJ. Thyroid follicular lesion of undetermined significance: Evaluation of the risk of malignancy using the two-tier sub-classification. Diagnostic Cytopathology 2012 May; 40(5):410-5. doi: 10.1002/dc.21790. Epub 2011 Aug 26

Levy GH, Marti JL, Cai G, Kayne RD, Udelsman R, Hammers LW, Kowalski DP, Prasad ML. Pleomorphic adenoma arising in an incidental midline isthmic thyroid nodule: a case report and review of the literature. Human Pathology 2012 Jan;43(1):134-7. doi: 10.1016/j.humpath.2011.02.025. Epub 2011 Jul 5. Review.

Adeniran AJ, Theoharis C, Hui P, Prasad ML, Hammers L, Carling T, Udelsman R, Chhieng DC. Reflex BRAF testing in thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy with equivocal and positive interpretation: a prospective study. Thyroid. 2011 Jul;21(7):717-23. doi: 10.1089/thy.2011.0021. Epub 2011 May 13.

Theoharis CG, Schofield KM, Hammers L, Udelsman R, Chhieng DC. The Bethesda thyroid fine-needle aspiration classification system: year 1 at an academic institution. Thyroid. 2009 Nov;19(11):1215-23. doi: 10.1089/thy.2009.0155.

Heneghan JP, Hammers LW, Salem RR, Taylor KJW: Transrectal sonography in staging rectal carcinoma: the role of gray-scale, color flow, and Doppler imaging analysis. AJR 1997; 169(5): 1247-1252.

Hammers LW, Cohn SM, Brown JM, Burns GA, Scoutt LM, Pellerito JS, Taylor KJW: Doppler Color Flow Imaging Surveillance of Deep Vein Thrombosis in High Risk Trauma Patients. J. Ultrasound Med 15:19-24, 1996.

Brown JM, Hammers LW, Barton JW, Holland CK Scoutt LM, Pellerito JS, Taylor KJW: Quantitative Doppler Assessment of Acute Scrotal Inflammation. Radiology 1995; 197:427-431.

Reinhold C, Hammers LW, Taylor C, Quedens-Case C, Holland C, Taylor K: Characterization of focal hepatic lesions with duplex sonography: Findings in 198 patients. AJR 1995; 164:11331-1135*
" Selected by Dr. Merritt to be abstracted in the Year Book of Ultrasound - 1996.

Burns GA, Cohn SM, Frumento RJ, Degutis LC, Hammers LW: Prospective ultrasound evaluation of venous thrombosis in high-risk and trauma patients. Journal of Trauma 1993, 35(3): 405-408.

Pellerito JS, Taylor KJW, Quedens-Case C, Hammers LW, Scoutt LM, Ramos IM, Meyer WR: Ectopic pregnancy: Evaluation with endovaginal color flow imaging. Radiology 1992; 183:407-414.

Schwartz PE, Chambers JT, Taylor KJ, Pellerito JS, Hammers LW, Cole LA, Yang-Feng TL, Smith P, Mayne ST, Makuch R: Early detection of ovarian cancer: Background, rationale, and structure of the Yale Early Detection Program (Review). Yale Journal of Biology & Medicine 1991: 64(6): 557-571.

Schwartz PE, Chambers JT, Taylor KJ, Pellerito J, Hammers LW, Cole LA, Yang-Feng TL, Smith P, Mayne ST, Makuch R: Early detection of ovarian cancer: Preliminary results of the Yale Early Detection Program. Yale Journal of Biology & Medicine 1991: 64(6): 573-582.

Ezekowitz MD, Migliaccio F, Farlow D, Pope C, Denny D, Markowitz D, Hammers LW, Ali A, Hirsh J: Comparison of platelet scintigraphy, impedance plethysmography gray scale and color flow duplex ultrasound and venography for the diagnosis of venous thrombosis. Radiolabeled Cellular Blood Elements p.23-27, Wiley-Liss, Inc., 1990.

Warshauer D, McCarthy S, Street L, Bookbinder M, Glickman M, Richter J, Hammers LW, Taylor C, Rosenfield A: Detection of renal masses: Sensitivities and specificities of excretory urography/linear tomography, US and CT. Radiology 1988; 169:363-366.

Rapoport S, Blair D, McCarthy S, Desser T, Hammers LW, Sostman D: Brachial plexus: Correlation of MR imaging with CT and pathologic findings. Radiology 1988: 167:161-16.

Siskind B, Malat J, Hammers LW, Rigsby C, Taylor C, Radin D, Rosenfield A: CT features of hemorrhagic malignant liver tumors. JCAT 1987; 11(5): 766-770.

Taylor KJW, Ramos I, Morse S, Fortune K, Hammers LW, Taylor C: Focal liver masses: Differential diagnosis with pulsed Doppler ultrasound. Radiology 1987; 164:643-647.

Hammers LW, McCarthy S, Williams H, Rigsby C, Carter A, Rapoport S, Weltin G, Taylor C, Richter J Barwick K, Rosennfield A: computed tomography (CT) guided percutaneous fine needle aspiration cytology: The Yale experience. The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine 1986; 59(4): 425-434.

Taylor KJW, Riely C, Hammers LW, Flax S, Weltin G, Garcia-Tsao G, Conn H, Kuc R, Barwich K: Quantitative ultrasonic attenuation in normal and diffuse liver disease: The importance of fat. Radiology 1986; 160:65-71.

Hammers LW, Glanz S, Gordon D., Sclafani S, Adamson R: Arterialization of the portal vein for control of variceal bleeding: A clinical and angiographic follow-up. Radiology 1983; 149:649-653.

Carr R, Ustun B, Chhieng D, Schofield K, Theoharis C, Hammers L, Adeniran AJ. Radiologic and clinical predictors of malignancy in the follicular lesion of undetermined significance of the thyroid. Endocr Pathol. 2013 Jun;24(2):62-8. doi: 10.1007/s12022-013-9240-4.

Eze OP, Cai G, Baloch ZW, Khan A, Virk R, Hammers LW, Udelsman R, Roman SA, Sosa JA, Carling T, Chhieng D, Theoharis CG, Prasad ML. Vanishing thyroid tumors: a diagnostic dilemma after ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration. Thyroid. 2013 Feb;23(2):194-200. doi: 10.1089/thy.2012.0157. Epub 2012 Dec 28.

Horne MJ, Chhieng DC, Theoharis C, Schofield K, Kowalski D, Prasad ML, Hammers L, Udelsman R, Adeniran AJ. Thyroid follicular lesion of undetermined significance: Evaluation of the risk of malignancy using the two-tier sub-classification. Diagnostic Cytopathology 2012 May; 40(5):410-5. doi: 10.1002/dc.21790. Epub 2011 Aug 26

Levy GH, Marti JL, Cai G, Kayne RD, Udelsman R, Hammers LW, Kowalski DP, Prasad ML. Pleomorphic adenoma arising in an incidental midline isthmic thyroid nodule: a case report and review of the literature. Human Pathology 2012 Jan;43(1):134-7. doi: 10.1016/j.humpath.2011.02.025. Epub 2011 Jul 5. Review.

Adeniran AJ, Theoharis C, Hui P, Prasad ML, Hammers L, Carling T, Udelsman R, Chhieng DC. Reflex BRAF testing in thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy with equivocal and positive interpretation: a prospective study. Thyroid. 2011 Jul;21(7):717-23. doi: 10.1089/thy.2011.0021. Epub 2011 May 13.

Theoharis CG, Schofield KM, Hammers L, Udelsman R, Chhieng DC. The Bethesda thyroid fine-needle aspiration classification system: year 1 at an academic institution. Thyroid. 2009 Nov;19(11):1215-23. doi: 10.1089/thy.2009.0155.

Heneghan JP, Hammers LW, Salem RR, Taylor KJW: Transrectal sonography in staging rectal carcinoma: the role of gray-scale, color flow, and Doppler imaging analysis. AJR 1997; 169(5): 1247-1252.

Hammers LW, Cohn SM, Brown JM, Burns GA, Scoutt LM, Pellerito JS, Taylor KJW: Doppler Color Flow Imaging Surveillance of Deep Vein Thrombosis in High Risk Trauma Patients. J. Ultrasound Med 15:19-24, 1996.

Brown JM, Hammers LW, Barton JW, Holland CK Scoutt LM, Pellerito JS, Taylor KJW: Quantitative Doppler Assessment of Acute Scrotal Inflammation. Radiology 1995; 197:427-431.

Reinhold C, Hammers LW, Taylor C, Quedens-Case C, Holland C, Taylor K: Characterization of focal hepatic lesions with duplex sonography: Findings in 198 patients. AJR 1995; 164:11331-1135*
" Selected by Dr. Merritt to be abstracted in the Year Book of Ultrasound - 1996.

Burns GA, Cohn SM, Frumento RJ, Degutis LC, Hammers LW: Prospective ultrasound evaluation of venous thrombosis in high-risk and trauma patients. Journal of Trauma 1993, 35(3): 405-408.

Pellerito JS, Taylor KJW, Quedens-Case C, Hammers LW, Scoutt LM, Ramos IM, Meyer WR: Ectopic pregnancy: Evaluation with endovaginal color flow imaging. Radiology 1992; 183:407-414.

Schwartz PE, Chambers JT, Taylor KJ, Pellerito JS, Hammers LW, Cole LA, Yang-Feng TL, Smith P, Mayne ST, Makuch R: Early detection of ovarian cancer: Background, rationale, and structure of the Yale Early Detection Program (Review). Yale Journal of Biology & Medicine 1991: 64(6): 557-571.

Schwartz PE, Chambers JT, Taylor KJ, Pellerito J, Hammers LW, Cole LA, Yang-Feng TL, Smith P, Mayne ST, Makuch R: Early detection of ovarian cancer: Preliminary results of the Yale Early Detection Program. Yale Journal of Biology & Medicine 1991: 64(6): 573-582.

Ezekowitz MD, Migliaccio F, Farlow D, Pope C, Denny D, Markowitz D, Hammers LW, Ali A, Hirsh J: Comparison of platelet scintigraphy, impedance plethysmography gray scale and color flow duplex ultrasound and venography for the diagnosis of venous thrombosis. Radiolabeled Cellular Blood Elements p.23-27, Wiley-Liss, Inc., 1990.

Warshauer D, McCarthy S, Street L, Bookbinder M, Glickman M, Richter J, Hammers LW, Taylor C, Rosenfield A: Detection of renal masses: Sensitivities and specificities of excretory urography/linear tomography, US and CT. Radiology 1988; 169:363-366.

Rapoport S, Blair D, McCarthy S, Desser T, Hammers LW, Sostman D: Brachial plexus: Correlation of MR imaging with CT and pathologic findings. Radiology 1988: 167:161-16.

Siskind B, Malat J, Hammers LW, Rigsby C, Taylor C, Radin D, Rosenfield A: CT features of hemorrhagic malignant liver tumors. JCAT 1987; 11(5): 766-770.

Taylor KJW, Ramos I, Morse S, Fortune K, Hammers LW, Taylor C: Focal liver masses: Differential diagnosis with pulsed Doppler ultrasound. Radiology 1987; 164:643-647.

Hammers LW, McCarthy S, Williams H, Rigsby C, Carter A, Rapoport S, Weltin G, Taylor C, Richter J Barwick K, Rosennfield A: computed tomography (CT) guided percutaneous fine needle aspiration cytology: The Yale experience. The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine 1986; 59(4): 425-434.

Taylor KJW, Riely C, Hammers LW, Flax S, Weltin G, Garcia-Tsao G, Conn H, Kuc R, Barwich K: Quantitative ultrasonic attenuation in normal and diffuse liver disease: The importance of fat. Radiology 1986; 160:65-71.

Hammers LW, Glanz S, Gordon D., Sclafani S, Adamson R: Arterialization of the portal vein for control of variceal bleeding: A clinical and angiographic follow-up. Radiology 1983; 149:649-653.

ABSTRACTS

Cohn SM, Moller BA, Burns GA, Feinstein AJ, Ginzburg E, Hammers LW: Prospective trial of low molecular weight heparin versus unfractionated heparin in moderately injured patients. Submitted for publication, Chest 1998.

Taylor KJW, Brown JM, Hammers LW, Quedens-Case C, Scoutt L, Troiano R: Ovarian cancer screening: a 7-year follow-up. American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, 1998. J Ultrasound Med 1998; 16(suppl): S53.

Cohn SM, Moller BA, Burns GA, Feinstein AJ, Milner K, Hammers LW: Double-blind randomized trial comparing low molecular weight heparin with conventional unfractionated heparin for prophylaxis of deep venous thrombosis after trauma. The Western Trauma Association, Alberta, Canada, 1998.

Bree RL, Foley WD, Hammers LW, Nemcek AA, Rubin D, Sohaey R, Zelch J, Lund P: Clinical evaluation of the safety and efficacy of SonoRx in patients with suspected abdominal pathology. American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, 1997. J Ultrasound Med 1997; 16(suppl):S18.

Scoutt LM, Brown JM, Horvath L, Hammers LW, Quedens-Case C, Taylor KJW: Ultrasound features of breast cancer: do they correlate with indicators of prognosis? American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, 1997. J Ultrasound Med 1997; 16(suppl): S38.

Brown JM, Scoutt LM, Hammers LW, Quedens-Case C, Taylor KJW: evaluating postmenopausal ovarian masses: predictive value of Doppler ultrasound. American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, 1997. J Ultrasound Med 1997; 16(suppl): S64.

Hammers LW, Heneghan JP, Lange R, Salem RR, Brown JM: Comparison of endorectal probes in staging rectal cancer/recurrence. American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, 1997. J Ultrasound Med 1997; 16(suppl): S84.

Taylor KJW, Weltin GG, Brown JM, Scoutt LM, Hammers LW: Aspiration of selected ovarian cysts with endovaginal US. The Radiological Society of North America, 1996. Radiology 1996; 201(P): 98.

Hammers LW, Putman CM, Roth T, Chaloupka JC: Color flow Doppler evaluation of superficial lesions of the head and neck referred for possible endovascular therapy. The Radiological Society of North America, 1996.

Hodges L, Brown JM, Scoutt LM, Hammers LW: Ultrasound comparison of spontaneously resolved and treated iatrogenic peripheral arteriovenous fistula. American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, 1997. J Ultrasound Med 1997; 16(suppl): S84.

Taylor KJW, Weltin GG, Brown JM, Scoutt LM, Hammers LW: Aspiration of selected ovarian cysts with endovaginal US. The Radiological Society of North America, 1996. Radiology 1996; 201(P): 198.

Hammers LW, Putman CM, Roth TC, Chaloupka JC: Color flow Doppler evaluation of superficial lesions of the head and neck referred for possible endovascular therapy. The Radiological Society of North America, 1996. Radiology 1996; 201(P): 411.

Heneghan JP, Hammers LW, Salem RR, Taylor KJW: Color flow ultrasound in staging rectal carcinoma. American Roentgen Ray Society, 1996. Am J Roentgenology 1996; 166(3)(suppl): 84.

Scoutt LM, Taylor KJW, Brown JM, Hammers LW, Restifo RJ: Doppler US and flow volume measurements of augmented blood flow following ligation of the deep inferior epigastric arteries in patients undergoing TRAM flap delay. American Roentgen Ray Society, 1996. Am J Roentgenology 1996, 166(3)(suppl): 81.

Scoutt LM, Taylor KJW, Brown JM, Hammers LW, Restifo RJ: Value of flow measurements after surgical delay in the TRAM flaps. American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, 1996. J Ultrasound Med 1996; 15(3)(suppl): 9.

Hammers LW: Ultrasound evaluation of male infertility. American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, 1996. J Ultrasound Med 1996; 15(3)(suppl): 22.

Taylor KJW, Schwartz PE, Hammers LW, Scoutt LM, et al: Results of ovarian screening in patients at high risk for ovarian cancer. The Radiological Society of North America, 1995. Radiology 1995; 197(P): 300.

Hammers LW, Taylor KJW, Brown JM: Ultrasound Predictors of Spontaneous Resolution in Iatrogenic Peripheral Artery Pseudoaneurysms and Arteriovenous Fistulae. American Roentgen Ray Society, Washington D.C., May 1995 (Session 23, #198).

Lundell A, Taylor KJW, Scoutt LM, Brown JM, Hammers LW, Pellerito JS: Optimization of Doppler Parameters in Prediction of Ovarian Malignancy. J Ultrasound Med 1995; 14(3) (Suppl): 63.

Hammers LW, Case CQ, Lorber MI, Taylor KJW: Clinical significance of elevated main renal artery peak systolic velocities and main renal artery-external iliac artery ratios in the diagnosis of renal transplant renal artery stenosis. The Radiological Society of North America, 1994. Radiology 1994; 193(P):255.

Pellerito JS, Taylor KJW, Quedens-Case CL, Hammers LW: Endovaginal color flow scoring system: a sensitive indicator of pelvic malignancy. The Radiological Society of North America, 1994. Radiology 1994; 193(P):276.

Hammers LW, Straub MI, Salem RR, Case CQ, Taylor KJW: Transrectal color Doppler flow imaging of rectal carcinoma. The Radiological Society of North America, 1994. Radiology 1994; 193(P):287.

Taylor KJW, Scoutt LM, Quedens-Case CL, Pellerito JS, Hammers LW, Brown JM: Is there a role for Doppler imaging in breast cancer diagnosis? The Radiological Society of North America, 1993. Radiology 1993; 189(P):154.

Hammers LW, Brown JM, Scoutt LM, Pellerito JS, et al: Surveillance with color Doppler flow imaging for deep venous thrombosis in high-risk trauma patients. The Radiological Society of North America, 1993. Radiology 1993; 189(P):226.

Pellerito JS, Taylor KJW, Quedens-Case CL, Schwartz PE, Hammers LW, Scoutt LM: Screening women for ovarian cancer: a 3-year follow-up. The Radiological Society of North America, 1993. Radiology 1993; 189(P):299.

Pellerito JS, Taylor KJW, Schwartz PE, Hammers LW, Quedens-Case CL: Ovarian cancer screening with endovaginal color Doppler flow imaging and serum tumor markers. The Radiological Society of North America, 1991. Radiology 1991; 181(P):89.

Hammers LW, Barton JW, Pellerito JS, Pontari MA, Taylor KJW: Color and pulsed Doppler evaluation of acute epididymitis and orchitis. The Radiological Society of North America, 1991. Radiology 1991; 181(P):97.

Pellerito JS, Holland CK, Holland SK, Hammers LW, et al: Color persistence: indicator of hemodynamically significant peripheral arterial stenosis. The Radiological Society of North America, 1991. Radiology 1991; 181(P):171.

Hammers LW, Quedens-Case, CL, Reinhold CY, Holland CK, Taylor KJW: Pulsed Doppler US of focal liver masses. The Radiological Society of North America, 1991. Radiology 1991; 181(P):225.

CASE REPORTS

Schiff SF, Lackman MF, Hammers LW, Paratesticular Myoma: Case Report and Review. J Urol 1993; 149(1):132-133.

Gallant J, Enriquez R, Cohen K, Hammers LW: Pneumocystis carini thyroiditis. American Journal of Medicine 1988; 84:303-306.

Ballantyne G, Graham S, Hammers LW, Modlin I: Superior mesenteric artery syndrome following ileal J-pouch anal anastomosis: An iatrogenic cause of early post-operative obstruction. Dis Colon Rectum 1987; 30:472-474.

REVIEWS, CHAPTERS, BOOKS

Scout LM, Brown JM, Hammers LW: Color Doppler Evaluation of the Native Kidney. Applied Radiology 26(3):9-23, 1997.

Brown JM, Scoutt LM, Hammers LW: Doppler Ultrasound Evaluation of the Transplant Kidney. Applied Radiology 26(4):15-23, 1997.

Brown JM, Hammers LW, Rosenfield AT: Scrotal Ultrasound 1995: Part 1, Anatomy and Acute Disease. Applied Radiology 1995; 24(7):28-35.

Brown JM, Hammers LW, Rosenfield AT: Scrotal Ultrasound 1995: Part 2, Imaging of the Nonacute Scrotum. Applied Radiology 1995; 24(8):23-30.

Pellerito JS, Hammers LW: Venous Imaging. (IN) Taylor KJW, Burns PN, and Wells PNT (eds): Clinical Applications of Doppler Ultrasound. Raven Press, Ltd., New York. Second Edition, 1995, p. 263-286.

Hammers LW, Bird K, Rosenfield AT: Scrotal Imaging. (IN) Putman C and Ravin C (eds): Textbook of Diagnostic Imaging. Vol 2, W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia. Second Edition, 1994, p. 1277-1285.

Ezekowitz MD, Cohen IS, Hammers LW: Cardiac and Peripheral Ultrasound. (IN) Ezekowitz MD (ed): Fundamental and Clinical Cardiology. Vol. 18, Systemic Cardiac Embolism, Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, 1994, p. 133-164.

Taylor KJW, Merritt CRB, Hammers LW, Pellerito J Case C: Obstetric and Gynecologic Applications. Ed: Christopher Merritt. Clinics in Diagnostic Ultrasound: vol 27, Doppler Color Imaging, Churchill Livingstone, New York, 1992, pp 195-223.

Rosenfield AT, Hammers LW: Imaging of the testicle: The Painful scrotum and nonpalpable masses. Urol Radiol 1992; 14(3):229-233.

Burns P, Hammers LW: FM Sonography: A Revolution? Hepatology Elsewhere 1987;7(6):1382-1384.

Book review of Clinics in Gastroenterology, Invasive Radiology Vol. 14, No. 2. Ed. TAS Buist, Phil. WB Saunders April 1985. Published in Hepatology 1986; 6(3):541.

RESEARCH IN PROGRESS

Ultrasound diagnosis of thyroid cancer.

GRANT HISTORY

2005 - Ultrasound Assessment of carotid plaque. Yale University Department of Neurology

1997 - Co-Primary Investigator, Quantitative and qualitative assessment of renal blood flow using the Doppler Perfusion Index and pulse Doppler waveform analysis. Yale Diagnostic Radiology Seed Grant.

1994 - Co-Primary Investigator, Phase III Study on Oral Contrast Agent, Squibb Pharmaceutical (Bracco).

LECTURES

Grand Rounds at Yale

January 6, 2006
Multiple Thyroid Nodules, My Approach
Department of Endocrinology

June, 2003
Bilateral Whole Breast Ultrasound
Department of Oncology

February 10, 1994
DCFI of Deep Venous Thrombus.

January 23, 1993
Surgical Oncology Grand Rounds,
Endorectal Ultrasound of Rectal CA.

November 16, 1992
Urologic Grand Rounds, 
Doppler Color Flow Imaging of the Acute Scrotum.

March 16, 1992
Ophthalmology, 
Doppler Color Flow Imaging of the Orbit.

February 6, 1992
Doppler Color Flow Imaging of the Acute Scrotum.

February 7, 1991
Renal Transplant (Doppler).

September 29, 1988
Imaging/Pathology Correlation.

January 2, 1988
Imaging/Pathology Correlation.

November 5, 1987
Imaging/Pathology Correlation

March 5, 1987
Imaging/Pathology Correlation

November 20, 1986
CT/US Guided Biopsy of Abdominal, Pelvic and Musculoskeletal Lesions

October 1985
CT of Hemochromatosis
Grand Rounds/Lectures at Other Universities

May 7, 2005
University of Connecticut Health Center
Musculoskeletal Ultrasound (Lecture and Hands On Training)

May 23, 1997
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center,
Duplex and Color Flow of the Liver.

April 28 and 29, 1997
Brooke Army Medical Center,
Doppler Color Flow Imaging of Rectal Cancer.
Carotid Ultrasound.

April 28 and 29, 1997
Wilford Hall Medical Center,
Doppler Color Flow Imaging of Rectal Cancer.
Carotid Ultrasound.

April 28, 1997
University of Texas, San Antonio, TX
Carotid Ultrasound.

February 27, 1997
Hartford Hospital
Carotid Ultrasound.

May 17, 1996
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center,
Doppler Color Flow of Rectal Cancer.
Color Flow Doppler of the Peripheral Arteries.

April 17 and 18, 1996
Brooke Army Medical Center,
Ultrasound of the Breast, 1996.
Musculoskeletal Ultrasound.
Color Flow Doppler of the Peripheral Arteries.

April 17 and 18, 1996
Wilford Hall Medical Center,
Ultrasound of the Breast, 1996.
Musculoskeletal Ultrasound.
Color Flow Doppler of the Peripheral Arteries.

April 17 and 18, 1996
University of Texas,
Ultrasound of the Breast, 1996
Musculoskeletal Ultrasound.
Color Flow Doppler of the Peripheral Arteries.

May 19, 1995
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center,
Doppler Color Flow Imaging of the Acute Scrotum.

May 7, 1995
State University of New York,
Health Science Center at Brooklyn,
Peripheral Arterial Doppler.
Venous Thrombosis of the Extremities.
Color Doppler Imaging of the Native and Transplanted Kidneys.
Workshop - Peripheral Arterial Disease.

January 25, 1994
St. Luke's Roosevelt Hospital,
Doppler Color Flow Imaging of the Acute Scrotum.
Color Flow Evaluation of the Female Pelvis.

October 21, 1992
Stonybrook Medical Center,
Carotid Ultrasound.
Color Doppler Flow Imaging of the Female Pelvis.

August 10, 1992
Valhalla Medical Center,
Carotid Doppler.
Color Doppler Flow Imaging of DVT.

April, 1991
College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific
Carotid Doppler with Angiographic Correlation.
Color Doppler Flow Imaging in the Female Pelvis.

March 1988
University of California, Davis
CT/US Guided Biopsies.

March 1988
University of Arizona
CT/US Guided Biopsies.

February 1988
University of Georgia
CT/US Guided Biopsies.
Pathology Correlated CT/US cases.
Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound Lectures

September 2005
Multiple Thyroid Nodules - My Approach
American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine Lectures

March 2007
New York, NY
Musculoskeletal Ultrasound Hands on Workshop

March 2006
Washington, DC    
Musculoskeletal Ultrasound Hands on Workshop

March 2002
Nashville, TN
Instructor in Musculoskeletal US workshop Member of film panel on vascular US

April 2001
Orlando, FL
Instructor in Musculoskeletal US workshop Instructor in vascular US workshop

March 1996
New York, NY
Ultrasound Evaluation of Male Infertility

March 1995
San Francisco, CA    
Ultrasound Predictors of Spontaneous Resolution in Iatrogenic Peripheral Artery Pseudoaneurysms and Arteriovenous Fistula.
Doppler Color Flow Imaging Surveillance of Peripherally Implanted Central Venous Access Devices (PAS Port) in Cancer Patients.
American Roentgen Ray Society Lectures

May 9, 1996
San Diego, CA
Instructional Course, Duplex and Color Doppler Ultrasound of the Liver.
Radiological Society of North America Lectures

November 2006
Chicago, IL
Thyroid Ultrasound-My Experience.

November 2001
Chicago, IL
"Hands-on" Workshop, Instructor Venous Thrombosis: Doppler Sonography.

December 2000
Chicago, IL
"Hands-on" Workshop, Instructor Venous Thrombosis: Doppler Sonography

December 1999
Chicago, IL"
Hands-on" Workshop, Chairman Venous Thrombosis: Doppler Sonography

December 1998
Chicago, IL
"Hands-on" Workshop, ChairmanVenous Thrombosis: Doppler Sonography

December 1997
Chicago, IL    
"Hands-on" Workshop, ChairmanVenous Thrombosis: Doppler Sonography.

December 1996
Chicago, IL    
"Hands-on Workshop, Chairman.Venous Thrombosis: Doppler Sonography.
Color Flow Doppler Evaluation of Superficial Lesions of the Head
And Neck Referred for Possible Endovascular Therapy.

November 1994
Chicago, IL    
Clinical Significance of Elevated Main Renal Artery Peak Systolic Velocities and Main Renal Artery / External Iliac Artery Ratios in the Diagnosis of Renal Transplant Renal Artery Stenosis.
Transrectal Doppler Color Flow Imaging of Rectal Carcinoma.

November 1993
Chicago, IL    
Doppler Color Flow Imaging Surveillance of DVT in High Risk Trauma Patients.

December 1991
Chicago, IL    
Quantitative US Evaluation of Acute Epididymitis/Orchitis.

November 1989
Chicago, IL    
Comparison of Color Doppler versus Duplex Doppler Ultrasound in Patients with Symptomatic Deep Vein Thrombosis.

November 1982
Chicago, IL    
Arterialization of the protal vein for control of varicea bleeding: A clinical and angiographic follow-up.
New England Society of Radiologic Technologists Lectures

October 1989
Providence, RI
CT Renal Trauma

September 1987
Burlington, MA
Doppler US, Carotid & Renal

September 1986
Sturbridge, MA    
US/CT Biopsies & Abscess Drainage.
American Osteopathic College of Radiology Lectures

May 2007
Video Conference
Ultrasound Vaginal Bleeding

October 2006
Las Vegas, NV
Ultrasound Neck: Thyroid, Parathyroid, Lymph Nodes and Salivary Glands: Lymph Nodes and Salivary Glands: Part I
Ultrasound Neck: Thyroid, Parathyroid, Lymph Nodes
and Salivary Glands: Lymph Nodes and Salivary Glands: Part II

September 2006
Video Conference
Essentials of the Carotid Artery Examination

March 2006
Video Conference
Multiple Thyroid Nodules

April 2005
Chicago, IL
Mid-Year Conference Musculoskeletal Ultrasound Workshop

April 2003
Detroit, MI    
Program Chairman, Mid-Year Conference Ultrasound "Something Old, Something New"

March 2001
Orlando, FL    
Thyroid Disease in Women - Sonographic Evaluation of the Thyroid Doppler Evaluation of the Female Pelvis and Ovarian Cancer Screening

May 2000
Detroit, MI    Musculoskeletal Ultrasound IMusculoskeletal Ultrasound II
Musculoskeletal Ultrasound - A Hands-on Workshop

October 1999
Orlando, FL    
Ultrasound of the ThyroidUltrasound of the Carotid Arteries

May 1998
Kansas City, MO    Ultrasound Evaluation of Ovarian Malignancies. Ultrasound Evaluation of Postmenopausal Bleeding.

October 1997
San Francisco, CA
Ultrasound of the Breast.Musculoskeletal Ultrasound.
Color Flow Imaging of Peripheral Arteries.

May 1997
Hilton Head, SC    
Musculoskeletal Ultrasound.Breast Ultrasound.
Duplex and Color Flow of the Liver.

October 1996
San Diego, CA    
Doppler Color Flow Imaging of Deep Venous Thrombosis.Doppler Color Flow Imaging of the Carotids.
Doppler Color Flow Imaging of the Acute Scrotum.

October 1995
Scottsdale, AZ
Sonography of Chronic Liver Disease. Ultrasound of the Bowel.
Exhibitor Judge.

October 1993
Chicago, IL    
Doppler Color Flow Evaluation of the Carotid Artery with Angiographic Correlation.
Doppler Color Flow Imaging in the Female Pelvis.

April 1991
Philadelphia, PA
Carotid Doppler with Angiographic Correlation. Doppler Color Flow Imaging in the Female Pelvis.
New England Roentgen Ray Society

April 17, 1998
Transrectal Ultrasound for Rectal Cancer.
Cambridge, MA Panelist: Panel of Unknown Cases.
Mexican Congress of Ultrasound Lectures

April 1995
Doppler Color Flow Imaging of the Acute Scrotum.
Musculoskeletal Ultrasound.
Gaylord Hospital

June 2001
Musculoskeletal Ultrasound
Fairfield Chiropractic Society

Jan 2002
Musculoskeletal Ultrasound
Yale University Health Service Grand Rounds

April 2002
Musculoskeletal Ultrasound
Interventional Ultrasound
Staging of Rectal Cancer